Slovenský národopis 2015/4

Hlavnou témou tohto čísla Slovenského národopisu je urbánny občiansky aktivizmus v strednej a východnej Európe. V štyroch príspevkoch môžete nájsť širší teoretický rámec (Alexandra Bitušíková), ako aj štúdie o konkrétnych občianskych aktivitách z pera Natálie Blahovej, Daniela Luthera a Petra Salnera.


Editorial

Articles

Bitušíková, Alexandra: Urban activism in Central and Eastern Europe: A theoretical framework  

Blahová, Natália: Engaged anthropology and corporate volunteering
 

Research Report

Luther, Daniel: Active citizens and the historical identity of a city: The case of Bratislava-Podhradie
 

Essay

Salner, Peter: Jewish community museum as a result of citizen activities

News

Botíková, Marta; Volanská, Ľubica: In memoriam Prof. Markus Cerman 

G. Lutherová, Soňa: What should engaged science be like? The conference Civil Activities and Engaged Research (3–4 November 2015, Bratislava)

Šusterová, Ivana: The Academy of Roma Studies accompanied by conversations in Roma language (11–13 November 2015, Bratislava)   

Potančok, Vladimír: The first East European WOMEX was successful also for Slovaks (21–25 October 2015, Budapest, Hungary) 

Potančok, Vladimír: Awards for researchers of the Institute of Ethnology SAS in 2015 

Book Reviews

Stacho, Ľubo: Obchodná 1984 – 2014 (Soňa G. Lutherová)

Salner, Peter: Požehnaný spravodlivý sudca: Súčasné formy židovského pohrebu (Blessed Fair Judge: The Current Forms of Jewish Funeral) (Gabriela Kiliánová)

 

Celé číslo Slovenského národopisu 2015/4 si môžete stiahnuť TU.
 

Bitušíková, Alexandra: Urban activism in Central and Eastern Europe: A theoretical framework  

The study brings an overview of selected transdisciplinary theoretical approaches to the study of urban movements and activism placed within the framework of civil society and social movements, focused on the region of Central and Eastern Europe, and seen from a social anthropological perspective. It attempts to challenge older academic writings that described civil society in Central and Eastern Europe as underdeveloped and weak, and presents research that points out a specific nature of activism in the countries of the region. It builds primarily on the concepts of civil society, social movements, urban movements and urban activism as presented by scholars both from “Western” and “Central and Eastern” European countries and demonstrates that after more than two decades since the fall of communism it is still important to take different historic, political, economic, social and cultural contexts into account when comparing urban movements and activism within Europe.

Key words

civil society, social movements, urban movements, urban activism, Central and Eastern Europe  

In Slovenský národopis/Slovak Ethnology. Vol. 63, no. 4 (2015), p. 326-338.

 

Blahová, Natália: Engaged anthropology and corporate volunteering

The aim of this paper is to present engaged anthropology and its methodological tools with a specific perspective of the research field and the position of the researcher with regard to research subjects.
The study focuses on corporate volunteering as one of the forms of collaboration between the non-profit and the private sectors seeking solutions to social problems and community development. Volunteering projects contribute to the interlinking of the knowledge, skills, experience and resources of corporate employees and the representatives of the non-profit or the public sector. It is a part of the philanthropic strategy of companies which are willing to present themselves as entities responsible towards the environment in which they run their business, and towards their employees, partners and customers.
Engaged anthropology can bring, through its methodological tools, a new perspective of corporate volunteering. Community-based participatory research on the process of knowledge creation includes all partners on an equal basis and identifies their unique contribution to problem solution and community development.

Key words

engaged anthropology, community-based participatory research, volunteering, corporate volunteering, corporate social responsibility 

In Slovenský národopis/Slovak Ethnology. Vol. 63, no. 4 (2015), p. 339-354.

Luther, Daniel: Active citizens and the historical identity of a city: The case of Bratislava-Podhradie

Social changes after the fall of the Communist regime in 1989 and the emergence of foreign companies, investors and development groups led to the rapid building development of the city, which offers an opportunity for an urban-ethnological analysis of the transformation of urban spaces. The author of this paper studied a case related to the transformation of a space considered by the city inhabitants as historically important. He discusses the issues of civic activism in the context of preservation of the historical identity of the city. He seeks answers to the following questions – What kind of processes are in conflict at the macro-level? What is the role of cultural aspects in these processes? What kind of collective identity do active members of a civic group share and demonstrate? The author seeks to grasp the issues of active citizenship through motivations and reasons, particular areas of interest, actual results, and effectiveness of civil activism. He concludes that interventions to preserve the historical identity of urban spaces have mobilised a part of the public and have become one of the incentives of growing civil engagement in the post-socialist period.

Key words 

city, space, memory place, civic activities, new social movements 

In Slovenský národopis/Slovak Ethnology. Vol. 63, no. 4 (2015), p. 355-365.

Salner, Peter: Jewish community museum as a result of citizen activities

The study focuses on circumstances under which the Jewish Community Museum was established and officially opened in the Bratislava synagogue in 2012. Already prior to WWII, a respected architect and collector Eugen Barkány came with the idea of opening a museum consisting of Slovak judaica. He followed up his project after the liberation, too. In the second half of the sixties, it seemed that thanks to the Jewish Religious Community (JCR/ŽNO) Bratislava support there would be created a Slovak branch of the Prague Jewish Museum within the premises of the Neolog Bratislava synagogue. However, the project implementation had to be postponed for many years to come: first of all due to Bárkány’s death (1967), demolition of the synagogue giving place to the construction of a new bridge, and the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1968.
In the beginning of the next millenium, it was Maroš Borský, Art historian and Judaist, who undertook this project. He persuaded the board members of the JCR (ŽNO) Bratislava to vacate the already abandoned female gallery of the only preserved synagogue for presentation of Barkány’s collection. Apart from the permanent exhibition, the museum already offered three exhibits entitled: The Shadow of the Past (2013); We Are Here (2014); and Engerau – a Forgotten Story of Petržalka in 2015.

Key words

The Jewish Community Museum, E. Bárkány, ŽNO Bratislava (JRC Bratislava), synagogue, civic activities, M. Borský 

In Slovenský národopis/Slovak Ethnology. Vol. 63, no. 4 (2015), p. 366-379.
 

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