Fórum mladých vedcov (posterové prezentácie PhD. študentov) / Young Scientist Forum (PhD students´ poster presentation)

Panel vedie

Lucia Ditmarová

Vivien Apjok: Painted Furniture in a New Perspective. Questions and Methods of Re-interpretation of Museum Objects and Archival Documents from 19th Century
(University of Szeged, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, Doctoral School of History, Szeged, Hungary)

What can museum objects and archival documents tell us about the past in the 21st century?
In my research I analyse a furniture collection (and especially the bridal chests) of a museum from the 19th century. The collection is really missing data in point of fabrication and usage, that is why it is quite difficult to refill these data, and “vocalize” the objects. Dealing with the methodological problems is really important in this case, so, I tried to set out a research-methodological issue. Nota bene, our problem it is not unique: painted bridal or hope chests (with similar motives) can be found in Austria or in Slovakia (special chests of Komárno).
In our case, painted furniture is saturated with a lot of information: colourful paintwork shows the fashions and changing fashion of periods and styles (e.g. renaissance, baroque), what can be fitted into the Hungarian (and European) folk art of the 19th century; the brides’ names on chests (and archival documents) help to explore the usage and social status of Makó population in the examined era; and analysing museum objects can show us the process of musealization, function change of chests (from trousseau-function to holding function).
 

Natália Blahová: Institutions and their Representations of Compatriotism (The case of diaspora politics of Slovakia and Slovak diaspora in Romania)
(Institute of Ethnology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia)

The new political configuration of states in the post- communist era and other historical challenges which affected the formation of Slovak Republic has also influenced the reconsideration of the relations with the population living outside the mother country. The aim of my presentation is to provide an insight into these relations at the institutional level.
My research examines an organizational field for the institutional agenda-setting which refers to the process of defining the main goals and strategies. I focus on the creation and spreading of the representations of  “compatriotism” at the level of political, public and media agenda. The ethnographic research conducted in various time periods between the years 2013- 2016 has involved also methods of participant observations and ethnographic interviews with the representatives of the examined institutions.
There are several reasons why and how the state engages in its diaspora. Based on Alan Gamlen´s theoretical approach to diaspora politics, the examined institutions, through the building of institutional and symbolic capacities, create and distribute the representations of “compatriotism” as an integral part of one Slovak nation and thus spread the national political community beyond the borders of mother country.
 

Lucia Ditmarová: Contemporary Legends and Rumours in Specific Environment
(Institute of Ethnology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia)

My research and the study will focus on specific types of narratives – contemporary legends and rumours, which have been the preferred narrative genres since the 2nd half of the 20th century from the point of view of (not only) folkloristic research.
The main aim of this work is to show the impacts of the social context on the repertoire, form and functions of contemporary legends and rumours in everyday lives of individuals – sellers of the Nota Bene street paper in a specific environment. This work seeks to explore how contemporary legends and rumours occur in the chosen environment of research – the Proti prúdu Civil Association (OZ Proti prúdu) which publishes the Nota Bene magazine, and on what levels of everyday life they focus or how they reflect everyday life – the “world” of items, values, attitudes, norms, desires, ideas, etc. Another aim is to find out what role these narratives play in the given environment – what is their significance and social functions.
The theoretical basis for my research is the theoretical-methodological framework of the US sociologist and social psychologist G. A. Fine (1992) – “The Folklore Diamond” which includes four variables – social structure, personal imperatives, the performance dynamics, and the narrative content – which are more-or-less interlinked and connect the outer world to the content of the text through a person or a situation.
The methodology applies a qualitative approach, and the main research methods include participant observations and unstructured and semi-structured interviews.
 

Věra Štofaníková: The Maison Masaryk in Paris: Investigating Places in Anthropological Research (CEFRES /Centre français de recherche en sciences socials/, Praha, Czech Republic; Institute of Ethnology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic)​

The presentation focuses on the everyday life of Czechs living in Paris associated with the so-called Maison Masaryk at 18, rue Bonaparte, a building which symbolizes their country in the heart of historical Paris. This place represents an important lieu de mémoire. It was named after T. G. Masaryk and his provisional government’s work until 1918 in these very premises as they strove to create an independent Czechoslovak republic. Since then, the history of the building has been connected with the political development of the Czech lands. Hence the national mythology surrounding this building and it’s becoming a symbol of a Czech identity based on imaginary common roots in Paris. Nevertheless, memory is far from being the only meaning this place bears today. As such institutions as the Czech centre, the Czech school, the Czech consulate and other smaller interest associations, groups or individuals have settled there, it displays a variety of functions.
The case study, although seemingly quite ethnographic and specific, deals with the memory studies, migrations and integration as well as with the anthropology of institutions.
Based on a six month-long field work, this research tries to show a perception of a place on the basis of its material, functional and symbolic meanings. The main goal is to present what an important role one concrete physical place with strong functional and symbolic meaning can play for an ethnic community living outside its homeland, and how it can contribute to the process of integration to the hosting society while maintaining cultural and linguistic values.
 

Kamila Sawka: Cultural Heritage of Kresowiaks in Silesia
(University Opole, Faculty of Philology, Department of Culture and Folklore Studies, Istitute of the Polish Language and Culture Studies, Opole, Poland)

Numerous works present the Eastern Borderlands of the Second Polish Republic as a place of cultural pluralism. Repatriated people, leaving their homeland took with them only those objects which were believed to be worth protecting and handing down to posterity. After 1945, in the area of so-called Recovered Territories these media of cultural heritage were expected to become an indicator of the repatriated people’s identity.
My attempt is to analyse the phenomenon which refers to the objects of  ‘that time’ and ‘that place’. The empirical studies encompass Kresowiaks’ community, Wicyń village (region of Peremyshliany, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine) and its inhabitants who after World War II settled down in Silesia. The interpretation of collected materials refers to the concept applied by researchers – the medium of cultural memory. Among the objects connected with cultural heritage of Kresowiaks one can find household equipment, photographs, family documents as well as devotional articles. I attempt to take into consideration the material signs of the past since, after 70 years, in the new reality they still are significant symbols of Kresowiaks, they evoke memories connected with family life, and they constitute symbols of remembrance.
 

Jan Semrád: Living in a housing estate in the 21st century
(Institute of Ethnology, Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Praha, Czech Republic)

My work aims to establish how citizens live in contemporary cities. During my research the focus will lay on the housing estate Lesná in Brno (Czech Republic). My aim is to find out how living in a housing estate is perceived by the inhabitants. Furthermore I am interested in how the identity of the inhabitants is formed under such circumstances, how potent the identity is and what are its effects. The study of different ways and forms of formal, informal and especially associational life, as well of that of civic engagement and social networks is connected to my topic and thus discussed likewise. My research is done via interviews with heads of different associations as well as with regular citizens. I employ the method of participant observation. I also take part in some of the related social activities and thus am able to analyse them not only as an outside observer but also from the inside. Even though my research is still taking place I can safely assume that the relations of some citizens towards Lesná housing estate is highly positive. Community members often try to compensate for the lack of inter human relations with various activities and projects. Those are created for the members of the community as well as those from the outside; such activities would encompass various markets and sales, picnics and such. My research could potentially help understand how living in a housing estate is perceived by its inhabitants, how the social life in such circumstances work and how the identify of citizens of such places is formed.

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